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ពីនេះ ពីនោះ

clinton-forward

Bill Clinton, seen here in Pittsburgh, campaigned frequently for President Obama in 2012.

(Photo: Jeff Swensen, Getty Images)

Three years ago, 24/7 Wall St. published the net worth of every American president, from George Washington to Barack Obama. We have updated our numbers to reflect the earnings of the still-living presidents. One thing remains clear: it pays to be president, especially after leaving office. 24/7 Wall St. examined the finances of all 43 presidents to identify the richest.

In our updated list, the only currently living president who makes the wealthiest list is Bill Clinton, who has an estimated net worth of $55 million. Clinton continues to make millions of dollars in speaking fees. This January, following an email from Bill Clinton to supporters, Hilary Clinton’s 2008 campaign debt was paid off.

President Obama is not one of the wealthiest presidents of all times. Yet his net worth increased from $5 million in 2010 to an estimated $7 million, primarily from his book sales. If Bill Clinton is any indication, Obama can expect to make much more money in speaking engagements once he exits office in 2017.

The net worth of the presidents varies widely. Washington amassed over half a billion in today’s dollars, while other presidents went bankrupt. The fortunes of America’s presidents are often tied to the economy of their time. Over time, as the focus of the economy has changed, so has the way the presidents made their money.

The first few presidents — from Washington’s election to about 75 years later — were large landowners. They generally made money from land, crops and commodity speculation. This left them highly vulnerable to poor crop yields, and they could lose most or all of their properties because of a few bad years. Similarly, they could lose all of their money through land speculation — leveraging the value of one piece of land to buy additional property.

By 1850, the financial history of the presidency entered a new era. Beginning with Millard Fillmore, most presidents were lawyers who spent years in public service. They rarely amassed large fortunes and their incomes often came almost entirely from their salaries. These American presidents were distinctly middle class and often retired without the means to support themselves in anyway close to the presidential lifestyle. James Buchanan, Abraham Lincoln, Lyndon B. Johnson, Ulysses S. Grant, Rutherford B. Hayes and James A. Garfield had modest net worths when they died.

At the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th, there was another significant change to the economy. Large, professionally organized corporations in the oil, mining, financial and railroad sectors allowed individuals to amass large fortunes. The Kennedys were wealthy because of the financial empire built by Joseph Kennedy. Herbert Hoover made millions of dollars as the owner of mining companies. Indeed, since the early 20th century, the fortunes of many presidents, including Theodore Roosevelt , Franklin D. Roosevelt, John F. Kennedy, George and George W. Bush were driven by inherited wealth.

The net worth figures for the 10 wealthiest presidents are in 2010 dollars. For the presidents who made and lost fortunes in a matter of a few years, the net worth of each president is for the peak time. The exception to the 2010 rule are the presidents who are still living, who have more recent earnings. In the case of each president, we have taken into account hard assets, such as land, estimated lifetime savings based on work history, inheritance and homes. Wages considered were earned for services as varied as collector of customs at the Port of New York to royalties on books, as well as ownership of companies and yields from family estates.

This is 24/7 Wall St.’s list of the richest U.S. presidents:

1. George Washington, first president from 1789 to 1797
— Net worth: $525 million In office
His Virginia plantation, Mount Vernon, consisted of five separate farms on 8,000 acres of prime farmland, run by more than 300 slaves. His wife, Martha Washington, inherited significant property from her father. Washington made well more than subsequent presidents: his salary was 2% of the total U.S. budget in 1789.

2. Thomas Jefferson, third president from 1801 to 1809
— Net worth: $212 million
Jefferson was left 3,000 acres and several dozen slaves by his father. Monticello, his home on a 5,000-acre plantation in Virginia, was one of the architectural wonders of its time. He made considerable money in various political positions before becoming president, but was mired in debt towards the end of his life.

3. James Madison, fourth president from 1809 to 1817
— Net worth: $101 million
Madison was the largest landowner in Orange County, Va. His land holding consisted of 5,000 acres and the Montpelier estate. He made significant wealth as Secretary of State and president. Madison lost money at the end of his life due to the steady financial collapse of his plantation.

4. Andrew Jackson, seventh president from 1829 to 1837
— Net worth: $119 million
While he was considered to be in touch with the average middle-class American, Jackson quietly became one of the wealthiest presidents of the 1800s. “Old Hickory” married into wealth and made money in the military. His homestead, The Hermitage, included 1,050 acres of prime real estate. Over the course of his life, he owned as many as 300 slaves. Jackson entered considerable debt later in life.

5. Theodore Roosevelt, 26th president from 1901 to 1909
— Net worth: $125 million
Born to a prominent and wealthy family, Roosevelt received a sizable trust fund. He lost most of his money on a ranching venture in the Dakotas and had to work as an author to pay bills. Roosevelt spent most of his adult years in public service. His 235- acre estate, Sagamore Hill, now sits on some of the most valuable real estate on Long Island.

6. Herbert Clark Hoover, 31st president from 1929 to 1933
— Net worth: $75 million
An orphan, Hoover was raised by his uncle, a doctor. He made a fortune as a mining company executive. He had a very large salary for 17 years and had extensive holdings in mining companies. Hoover donated his presidential salary to charity. He also owned “Hoover House” in Monterrey, Calif.

7. Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 32nd president from 1933 to 1945
— Net worth: $60 million
Roosevelt’s wealth came through inheritance and marriage. He owned the 800-acre Springwood estate, as well as properties in Georgia, Maine and New York. In 1919, his mother had to bail him out of financial difficulty. He spent most of his adult life in public service. Before he was president, Roosevelt was appointed assistant secretary of the Navy by President Wilson.

8. John Fitzgerald Kennedy, 35th president from 1961 to 1963
— Net worth: $1 billion (never inherited his father’s fortune)
Born into great wealth, Kennedy’s wife was an oil heiress. His father was one of the wealthiest men in America and was the first chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Almost all of JFK’s income and property came from a trust shared with other family members.

9. Lyndon Baines Johnson, 36th president from 1963 to 1969
— Net worth: $98 million
Johnson’s father lost all the family’s money when LBJ was a boy. Over time, the 36th president accumulated 1,500 acres in Blanco County, Texas, which included his home, called the “Texas White House.” He and his wife owned a radio and television station in Austin, Texas, and had a variety of other moderate holdings, including livestock and private aircraft.

10. William Jefferson Clinton, 42nd president from 1993 to 2001
— Net worth: $55 million
Unlike many presidents, Bill Clinton did not come from a wealthy family, nor did he have lucrative employment before his presidency. But since leaving office we estimate that Clinton has earned more than $125 million before taxes, with the vast majority of that coming from speaking fees. Clinton’s net worth was reduced in 2008 when his wife, Hillary Clinton, wrote off more than $13 million she loaned her campaign for her own presidential bid. Her campaign debt, once over $25 million, was just retired in January.

24/7 Wall St. is a financial news and analysis web site.

Source: http://www.usatoday.com/story/money/business/2013/02/16/richest-usa-presidents/1923739/

លោក-អ្នកតែងលឺពាក្យ​អម ឬពាក្យ​កំដរមួយចំនួន ដ៊ែលប​ង្កើតឡើងដើម្បី​ឲ្យ​មាន​សូរ​កាន់តែ​ពីរោះ ដូចជា កៀកកើយ ផ្លែផ្កា ខ្ចៅខ្យង ភ្ជុំភ្ជរ ជាដើម។ ពាក្យទាំងអស់នេះគេឲ្យឈ្មោះថា ពាក្យបរិវាសព្ទ ឬ ពាក្យគន្លាស់កាត់។

ឧទាហរណ៍៖
សម្លសម្លុក ៖ សម្លុក < សម្លុក + បង់ប្រហ = សម្លបង់ប្រហុក
សមសួន ៖ សួន < សួន + នឹងខ្លម = សមនឹងខ្លួន
ចានក្បាន ៖ ក្បាន < ក្បាន + ជើងក្រែ = ក្បែរជើងក្រាន
ភ្លេងភ្លាត់ ៖ ភ្លាត់ < ភ្លាត់ + នឹងមុំ < ផ្លុំនឹងមាត់
វត្តវ៉ា ៖ វ៉ា < វ៉ា + លោកទាត់ = វត្តលោកតា
។ល។

បើមានការខុសឆ្គងត្រង់ចំណុចណា សូមលោក-អ្នក មេត្តាជួយកែតម្រូវបន្ថែមផង!

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លោក ប៉េ ឡេង ដែល​ជា​អ្នក​រៀបចំ​បទ​បង្ហាញ​លើ​ប្រធាន​បទ​ណែនាំ​ពី​ការ​អភិវឌ្ឍ​កម្មវិធី​ លើ​ Android បាន​ឲ្យ​ដឹង​ថា Topic នេះ​គឺ​ចង់​ឲ្យ​អ្នក​ចូលរួម​ទាំង​អស់​បាន​យល់​ដឹង​បន្ថែម​ពី​ការ​អភិវឌ្ឍ​ កម្មវិធី​លើ Android។ ក្នុង​បទ​បង្ហាញ​នេះ​មាន​ណែនាំ​ឲ្យ​ស្គាល់​ពី Component មួយ​ចំនួនរបស់ Android បង្ហាញ​ថា​តើ​អ្វី​ទៅ​ជា Configue តើ​វា​មាន​ប្រយោជន៍​អ្វី​ខ្លះ​ ហើយ​ក៏​អាច​យល់​ដឹង​បន្ថែម​ពី​ Activities របស់​វាមួយ​ចំនួនផង​ដែរ។ ការ​បង្ហាញ​នេះ​មាន​ភាព​ងាយៗ​ ដើម្បី​ឲ្យ​អ្នក​ចូលរួម​ឆាប់​ចាប់បាន។ លើស​ពី​នេះ​ក៏​មាន​បង្ហាញ​ពី​របៀប​បង្កើត​កម្មវិធី​មួយ​ចំនួន​​សម្រាប់​ប្រើ ​នៅ​លើ​ទូរស័ព្ទ​ដៃ​ដែរមាន​ដូច​ជា​កម្មវិធី​ទស្សន៍ទាយ​លេខ​ទូរស័ព្ទ​អី​ជា​ ដើម។

BarCamp Phnom Penh 2011 រៀបចំ​ឡើង​រយៈ​ពេល​ពីរ​ថ្ងៃ​គឺនៅ​​ថ្ងៃ​សោរិ៍​និង​ថ្ងៃ​អាទិត្យ​ចាប់​ពី​ ម៉ោង ៨ ០០ ដល់​ម៉ោង ៥ ០០ រសៀលនៅ​សាកលវិទ្យាល័យ​ពុទ្ធិសាស្រ្ត។ ប្រិយមិត្ត និងមិត្តៗ​យុវវ័យ​ដែល​មានការ​ចាប់អារម្មណ៍ និង​ចង់​ចែក​រំលែក​ ឬ​មាន​ប្រធាន​បទ​អី​ចង់​យក​ទៅ​បង្ហាញ​ក៏​អាច​ទៅ​ចូលរួម​ផង​ដែរ។

ផ្សាយ​ក្នុង​ផ្នែក​ ព័ត៌មានបច្ចេកវិទ្យា ដោយ dy.bunnara

After age 25-30, depending on marital status and other things, it becomes more and more helpful to have and to know certain things. Some are practical and some make sense from a life planning standpoint. The following are suggested for anyone over age 30, single or married, male or female, “wealthy” or of more “average” means.

1. A “Last Will and Testament” Prepared by an Attorney
Our time on Earth is numbered. We don’t know what our number is. Makes sense to have a will. A “Living will” also makes sense if you want to be sure your wishes regarding how you die or are “kept alive” are honored. Included may also be a “Memorandum.”

2. Adequate Household and Liability Insurance
This includes household contents, autos (it costs VERY little to jump from the standard $5,000 per person medical coverage to $25,000!) as well as business and liability insurance. Make sure any fine art/antique items are appraised and insured on a separate “floater” policy.

3. A Personal Financial Plan For NOW and For The FUTURE
Done by yourself, by using one of many computer and other “kits” sold, or by using a financial planner, it makes good sense to know where you are now, and where you need and want to be in 20-30 years financially.

4. Your Own Personal Physician
M.D. or D.O., as we get past age 30, chances are greater that we will have some problem that might become chronic or acute where having a physician who knows us and our past medical problems or history comes in very handy and could save our life. Taking your chances on E.R. doctors when you get ill or have an emergency is a lot riskier than if you have a regular physician who they can call. Additionally, women over age 30 need to get a baseline mammogram and exams for breast cancer “screening.” After about age 35 or 40, men need both prostate and cardiac baseline tests. So having a personal doctor just makes common sense. It’s self-care, and the responsible thing to do, married or single.

5. A Business/Career Plan for the Present and for the Future
You *know* where you are hopefully business or career-wise NOW. Maybe you are happy and satisfied with that and maybe you are not. Regardless, it is helpful to set goals if you want to keep up with the cost of living, and plan ahead for retirement. If you want to work your way up in your job or business and make more money or have a different position or career, then you definitely need to address these issues by yourself, or with a career coach or other qualified expert.

6. Knowledge of Your Parents’ or Closest Relatives’ Medical History and Current Medical Condition
This is important because if you have parents and one or both fall ill or are injured, you may be the one an attorney, the doctors, or the hospital calls upon to provide some needed information. If you have no parents, but a close next of kin relative, knowing their situation will help for the same reasons. You can help them greatly by knowing the basics and having it written down should you need it.

7. A Waterproof/Secure File Cabinet
These can be disguised as furniture these days! They are necessary to keep tax and bank statements, copies of legal papers, and other things in for future access by you or any authorized people. Fire-resistant and “fireproof” cabinets are available now at very reasonable prices through the discount office supply stores. You can also use them to store treasured family mementos, unframed photos, etc.

8. A Personal Computer and Printer
It sounds like *everyone* above age 5 has one these days, but some people over age 30 still do not. The prices now are so low that with time pay plans and sales, everyone can have one. You need to have some helpful software such as personal/business financial software, email access, a word processor(throw away the old typewriter!!) and some educational software to replace the myriad books and reference guides you have that may be outdated, and take up a lot of room and gather dust.

9. A Personal/Business Attorney
For the same reasons it helps to have a personal physician by age 30, having your own attorney who can keep a file for you of your will, home mortgage (they charge $400-700. for a copy if you ever lose yours!) etc. is really very prudent. He or she can also be there for you if you need legal advice around a car accident, a business or career problem, or any number of other things that seem to happen more often after age 30.

10. A Safe Deposit Box
Also known as the “metal tax deduction.” They come in all sizes and shapes, and getting one through your personal or business bank is usually the most economical and makes the most sense. Prices for rental for a year are from $15-25. for the smallest size box (long, but not real wide or high) to $100’s for boxes large enough to put oil paintings or other large valuables in. And on each year’s taxes you can deduct the fee. This is one necessity that actually gives you your money BACK, and is very useful. Put the keys in a VERY safe place, as they charge between $10-30 per key to make a duplicate.

If you don’t yet know or have the aforementioned items or bits of information, it’s not too late to acquire them now! Become a bit more responsible by accumulating and checking off each of the things on this list. You’ll feel more accomplished knowing you’ve taken care of this list and the items and information are at your disposal whenever you need them.

Author: Dennis R. Tesdell

The world’s tallest tower to the height of one kilometer within the next five years will be made in Jeddah in Saudi Arabia.
Dubai tower now world’s tallest tower in Dubai holds the record. The tower height is 828 meters, which opened in 2010.

But within five years that the tower be built to a height of km (kilometer) and so it will be 172 meters taller than Burj Dubai.

This tower is called the Kingdom Tower in the port city of Jeddah on the Red Sea coast in Saudi Arabia will be made.

The new tower at a level equal to 530 thousand square meters, is the skyscraper, which will host a Four Seasons hotel, luxury apartments, offices and the panoramic landscape.

According Larpvblyka, the tower will have 59 lifts with a vertical velocity of 10 meters per second. Within one minute and forty seconds with the lift can be thousands of meters from ground level to the last point Pymvd tower. The tower was built with a cost of $ 1.2 billion.

Adrian Smith and Gordon Gill designed the tower, two architects from Chicago are responsible.

Source: Fropki