Yes, predictions are hard, especially about the future. But they’re fun!

And, sometimes, they can even be useful. They’re rarely correct but, perhaps, they help clarify and hone one’s thinking about the future.

And so, in the spirit of enlightened thinking about our industry, here are Business Insider Intelligence’s 12 Internet Predictions For 2012:

Google Will Release A $200 Tablet

Amazon’s Kindle Fire changed the tablet game, largely thanks to its price, way below the competition; It looks like it’s going to be a holiday blockbuster;

Meanwhile, Google is fighting a platform war with Apple and has been humiliated on the tablet front, with high-priced, lower-featured Android tablets getting clobbered by the iPad. The way Google can grab tablet marketshare, which it needs to do, is to imitate Amazon’s strategy of selling a radically lower-priced tablet at a loss. And, for the first time, it can do that, since it’s in the process of buying tablet-maker Motorola.

Facebook Will Grow Faster Than Anyone Thinks And Hit 1 Billion Users

Facebook already has 800 million users, and many people assume that its growth is hitting a wall, as it reaches dominance in the big developed markets and it’s locked out of markets like China and Russia. But, there is still a lot of room for growth in places like South-East Asia, India and Brazil, and Facebook’s network effect is a powerful thing.

Twitter Will Build A Huge Business

A lot of ink is being spilt on Twitter’s product, Twitter’s executive turnover, Twitter’s usage–and these are all noteworthy topics to cover. But while all this is going on, Twitter has been quietly building a huge business.

In the past year or so, Twitter has been tentatively experimenting with various ad formats, and now it’s found the formats that work for advertisers and consumers. 2012 will be the year when Twitter really scales it up and starts generating very serious revenue.

RIM Will Sell

It’s over for RIM. The company’s the walking dead. We all know that. The market now has realized it. At some point someone like HTC or Nokia or someone else will snap it up for its patents and its enterprise business. (Maybe even ZTE, the Chinese mobile OEM that is trying to move up the stack and become a consumer brand.)

Apple Will Boringly Grow In Line With Analysts’ Estimates

apple earnings versus analyst expectationsApple has had an uncanny ability to explode past most analyst estimates, as this great chart at right from Asymco’s Horace Dediu shows. This was due to two reasons: analysts underestimated Apple, and Apple grabbed on to two huge rocketship markets with the iPhone and the iPad.

These two problems are being solved. The iPhone is hitting a natural limit as Android swallows the market, and while the iPad is ushering in the post-PC era, its growth is probably steadily predictable. And while Apple is likely to come out with some sort of amazing revolutionary new TV product next year, that’s not as big a market as phones and tablets, so even if it does very well it won’t supercharge Apple’s top and bottom lines, at least not in the first year.

This boring prediction is actually risky: over the past few years, the “safe” bet has been that Apple would overperform, and Apple fanboys have had a lot of fun quoting industry analysts predicting the demise of, you name it, the iMac, the iPod, the iPhone and the iPad. And maybe we’ll look this foolish a year from now. But we think Apple is in “cruise speed” and expectations have caught up to this superbly-run and innovative company. So we think Apple will grow fast and be in rude health in 2012, but, for once, won’t deviate much from the consensus forecast.

Nokia Will Do OK

Many people are expecting Nokia to be the next RIM–an ignominious collapse. And indeed it has slid a lot. But Nokia is much bigger than RIM and, unlike RIM, its execs aren’t asleep at the wheels. They are pumping out good phones with a good software platform, into one of the world’s biggest phone distribution channels. It will take many years before we see if Nokia and Microsoft will become a strong player in mobile, but next year Nokia will neither do outstandingly nor collapse, but do OK.

Amazon Will Post Serious Losses And Outstanding Revenue Growth


chart of the day, kindle price september 2011

As the price of a Kindle goes down, Amazon’s revenue and losses go up

After years in “harvesting” mode Amazon is back in “investing” mode. Jeff Bezos, the most long-term thinking entrepreneur on Earth, realizes he is looking at some massive opportunities: building a complete digital media distribution ecosystem; building the biggest cloud platform of the 21st century; and, last but not least, eating retail.


All of these opportunities require upfront investment. But because Bezos has been at this before, they will pay off. All of the things that Bezos is investing in–below-cost tablets, perks for Amazon Prime subscribers, data centers for Amazon Web Services–show up as more revenue and less profits. We think you will be surprised next year by how big the losses will be and how fast the revenue will grow.

The New Breed Of Vertical, Entertaimnent-Focused Ecommerce Companies Will Get Huge

With the internet now reaching over a billion people, plenty of vertical markets have reached a tipping point, becoming big enough to support massive companies focused on one product category. Examples include Gilt Groupe for fashion, Warby Parker for glasses, One Kings’ Lane and for home decor, and others. With these pioneers leading the way, investment and value creation in this area will proliferate. (Thanks to Silicon Valley demigod Marc Andreessen for reminding us.)

2012 Will Finally Be The Year Mobile Advertising Really Take Off, With At Least One AdNet Going Public


Business Insider Ignition 2011 33

Where usage leads, dollars follow…

Mobile advertising is still tiny compared to internet advertising, let alone all advertising, but it won’t stay that way forever: smartphones are proliferating, outselling even PCs, and will soon reach a scale unseen in the history of computing. This isn’t a bold prediction. What may be bolder is that some mobile ad companies will finally grow huge this year, with a mobile ad network, probably either InMobi or Millenial Media, going public. Mobile isn’t yet taking over the world, but it’s now big enough that some companies are now generating serious revenue and we’ll see more of that.


Rovio Will Open At Least One Store In The US

Rovio is (or at least wants to be) the next Disney: it makes money not so much through the products it’s known for (movies for Disney, games for Rovio), but through tons of merchandise connected to the magic brands these products popularize. Accordingly, Rovio has an ambitious retail strategy of opening amazing Angry Birds stores, and it will probably open one in the US in 2012 (though Europe and China are first).

This Year, Enterprise-Focused Startups Will Blow Up

“Enterprise is sexy.” You’re about to hear that phrase a lot. The stars are all aligned for enterprise startups. Companies are sitting on tons of cash, not knowing what to do with it, because of the economy. Trends like the consumerization of IT, the proliferation of new mobile devices and the cloud have converged, giving a serious opportunity for newcomers to displace the incumbent enterprise software players. 2012 will be a year of big IPOs (like Workday) and big financings ( for ambitious enterprise startups.

You Will See A Ton Of Hype Around “The Internet Of Things”

“The Internet Of Things” is a catchy term revolving around the idea that most everyday objects around us will be equipped with internet-collected electronics, and this will open up new applications. This goes from novelty items like scales that tweet your weight (encouraging you through peer pressure to watch it) to ambitious visions like Jawbone’s steps toward wearable computing. We’re not yet sure if The Internet Of Things will be a huge business or a passing fad, but we’re willing to bet you’ll be hearing a ton about it in 2012.
Read more:

Whenever you download a file—whether you open a spreadsheet attached to an email message, grab a cool little screensaver or mouse cursor from the web, or download music or video files from someone else’s computer—you could be putting your computer at risk.

You can take some basic steps to protect your PC and your company’s network:

  • Set up your computer with security protection. When you upgrade to Windows 7 from Windows XP, you automatically get a lot of security protection built right into the system.
  • Increase your awareness of attack methods so that you can be on the lookout for them.
  • Use tools to remove unwanted software that has been downloaded to your computer (despite your best efforts to prevent it).

Here’s how:

1. Get ready: Strengthen your computer’s defenses

Start by checking with your system administrator to find out about your company’s security tools and policies. Read the articles Understanding security and safer computing and How to boost your malware defense and protect your PC to get an overview of the kinds of threats that exist and what you can do to defend against them. Because new threats are identified every day, remember to keep your security components—including those on the following list—up to date.

  • Firewalls. These include hardware or software that checks information coming from the Internet and either turns it away or lets it pass. Firewalls are built into Windows XP Service Pack 2 and all later versions of the Windows operating system.
  • Antivirus protection. Viruses, worms, and Trojan horses are programs that use the Internet to infect vulnerable computers. Microsoft Security Essentials offers free, real-time protection for your PC against malicious software. Or choose an antivirus program from a list of Microsoft partners who provide anti-malware software.
  • Spyware protection. Spyware can display ads and pop-ups, collect information, and change your computer settings or default home page without you knowing about it. Use Windows Defender, which is available as a free download for Windows XP Service Pack 2 and is built into later versions of Windows. Or install your own antispyware program.
  • Software updates. Regular updates to Windows help protect your computer against new viruses and other security threats. Be sure you’re using the latest version of your web browser, and turn on the browser’s security features.
  • Email spam filters. Microsoft Outlook includes a junk email filter, as do many other email programs, along with additional features that can help block unwanted messages, disable links, and warn you about threatening content.

2. Download with caution: Think first. Click later.

With your computer’s defenses strengthened, the rest is up to you. Here’s what you can do to protect your computer.

  • Beware of fraudulent email messages. Don’t click links or open attachments unless you’re sure of the source. In pop-up messages or warnings, click the Close box (close box) instead of OK or Agree to get rid of the box.
  • Only download from reputable sites. Be cautious about downloading from unknown sources and from sites containing objectionable material or too-good-to be-true offers. Microsoft Download Center, for example, is the best, safest source for Microsoft products. Bookmark it in your browser’s favorites, and check it out to find the most popular downloads, free trials, and newest software available from us.
  • Install and use file-sharing programs cautiously. When you use file-sharing programs to trade music, video, or other files on the web, you make some of your files—or even your entire hard disk drive—available to others using similar software.
  • Save files for safer downloads. . If you’ve decided to download a file from the Internet, save the file first to your hard drive. Then, when you attempt to open the file, your antivirus software can check the file and delete it if it detects potentially damaging code. To do this, in the File Download dialog box, click the Save button instead of the Run or Open button.

3. Remove malicious software

Sometimes, despite your best efforts, you may download a program you don’t want. If this happens to you, here are some ways to get rid of it:

  • Run antispyware tools. Windows Defender, which is built into Windows Vista and Windows 7, reduces the likelihood of downloading spyware in the first place. If you are using another antispyware program, make sure it is up to date and then scan your system, following the instructions for removing suspicious software.
  • Run the malicious software removal tool. Users of earlier versions of Windows who suspect that malware is causing their computers to slow down or fail can use the Malicious Software Removal Tool to remove the malware.
  • Disable add-ons. Web browser add-ons can display things like toolbars and stock tickers but can also install spyware or other malicious software. In Internet Explorer, you can disable add-ons from the Tools menu. Click Manage Add-ons, select the one you want to disable, and then click Disable.

Due to the changing nature of potential attacks, preventing malicious software from damaging your computer takes continuous vigilance. However, by installing and updating protection tools and by using caution when you work, you can help minimize the risk.

Source: Microsoft at Work

ជាមួយ Topic ជា​ច្រើន​ដែល​បណ្ដា​សិស្ស​និស្សិត​ និង​អ្នក​ជំនាញ​បាន​ដាក់​បង្ហាញ​ដើម្បី​ចូលរួម​និង​ពិភាក្សា​គ្នា​សម្រាប់ BarCamp Phnom Penh 2011 នេះ Topic ស្ដី​ពី​ការ​ណែនាំ​ការ​អភិវឌ្ឍ​កម្មវិធី​ប្រើប្រាស់​លើ​ Android (Introduction To Android Application Development) ជា​ប្រធាន​បទ​ដែល​ទទួល​បាន​ការ​ចាប់​អារម្មណ៍​យ៉ាង​ខ្លាំង​ពី​អ្នក​ចូលរួម។

និស្សិត​សិក្សា​បញ្ចប់​ថ្នាក់​បរិញ្ញាបត្រ​ផ្នែក​ព័ត៌មានវិទ្យា​នៅ​ សាកលវិទ្យាល័យ​ភូមិន្ទ​ភ្នំពេញ​ រតនៈ បាន​ប្រាប់​ថា ការ​អភិវឌ្ឍ​កម្មវិធី​ប្រើប្រាស់​លើ Android ពិត​ជា​ប្រធាន​បទ​ដ៏​គួរ​ឲ្យ​ចាប់​អារម្មណ៍​។ និស្សិត​ជំនាញ IT រូប​នេះ​បន្ត​ទៀត​ថា ការ​ចូលរួម​ស្ដាប់​ការ​បង្ហាញ​លើ​ប្រធាន​បទ​នេះ​អាច​ឲ្យ​គេ​យល់​ដឹង​កាន់​តែ ​ច្រើន​ពី​ការ​អភិវឌ្ឍ​ប្រព័ន្ធ​ប្រតិបត្តិការណ៍ Android ក្នុង​ទូរស័ព្ទ​ដៃ។ រតនៈ បញ្ជាក់​ថា៖ “ជាក់ស្ដែង​ខ្ញុំ​ប្រើ​ទូរស័ព្ទ​ដែល​ដំណើរការណ៍​ដោយ Android ដូច្នេះ​ខ្ញុំ​នឹង​អាច​សិក្សា​ពី​វា​បន្ថែម​ទៀត​ក្នុង​ពេល​នេះ​ដែរ។

ទោះ​បី​មិន​បាន​សិក្សា​មុខ​ជំនាញ IT ប៉ុន្តែ មេសា និស្សិត​បញ្ចប់​ការ​សិក្សា​ផ្នែក​គ្រប់គ្រង​នៅ​សាកលវិទ្យាល័យ​មេគង្គ​ កម្ពុជា បាន​ឲ្យ​ដឹង​ថា ហេតុ​ផល​ដែល​នាំ​ឲ្យ​ជ្រើសរើស​ប្រធាន​បទ​នេះ ក្នុង​ការ​ចូលរួម​ស្ដាប់​ដោយ​សារ​គេ​ចង់​ដឹង​ថា​តើ​ Android មាន​សារប្រយោជន៍​យ៉ាង​ណា​ខ្លះ និង​មាន​កម្មវិធី​ថ្មីៗ​អី​ខ្លះ​ដែល​កំពុង​ដំណើរការណ៍​លើ​វា។ ក្រៅ​ពី​នេះ​គេក៏​ចង់​ដឹង​ថា​តើ​វា​មាន​ការ​ប្រកួត​ប្រជែង​យ៉ាង​ណា​ខ្លះ​ជា​ មួយ OS ដទៃ​ទៀត ដោយសារ​បច្ចុប្បន្ន Smartphone ដែល​ដើរដោយ Android មាន​គូប្រកួត​ប្រជែង​ច្រើនដូចជា iOS របស់ Apple។

លោក ប៉េ ឡេង ដែល​ជា​អ្នក​រៀបចំ​បទ​បង្ហាញ​លើ​ប្រធាន​បទ​ណែនាំ​ពី​ការ​អភិវឌ្ឍ​កម្មវិធី​ លើ​ Android បាន​ឲ្យ​ដឹង​ថា Topic នេះ​គឺ​ចង់​ឲ្យ​អ្នក​ចូលរួម​ទាំង​អស់​បាន​យល់​ដឹង​បន្ថែម​ពី​ការ​អភិវឌ្ឍ​ កម្មវិធី​លើ Android។ ក្នុង​បទ​បង្ហាញ​នេះ​មាន​ណែនាំ​ឲ្យ​ស្គាល់​ពី Component មួយ​ចំនួនរបស់ Android បង្ហាញ​ថា​តើ​អ្វី​ទៅ​ជា Configue តើ​វា​មាន​ប្រយោជន៍​អ្វី​ខ្លះ​ ហើយ​ក៏​អាច​យល់​ដឹង​បន្ថែម​ពី​ Activities របស់​វាមួយ​ចំនួនផង​ដែរ។ ការ​បង្ហាញ​នេះ​មាន​ភាព​ងាយៗ​ ដើម្បី​ឲ្យ​អ្នក​ចូលរួម​ឆាប់​ចាប់បាន។ លើស​ពី​នេះ​ក៏​មាន​បង្ហាញ​ពី​របៀប​បង្កើត​កម្មវិធី​មួយ​ចំនួន​​សម្រាប់​ប្រើ ​នៅ​លើ​ទូរស័ព្ទ​ដៃ​ដែរមាន​ដូច​ជា​កម្មវិធី​ទស្សន៍ទាយ​លេខ​ទូរស័ព្ទ​អី​ជា​ ដើម។

BarCamp Phnom Penh 2011 រៀបចំ​ឡើង​រយៈ​ពេល​ពីរ​ថ្ងៃ​គឺនៅ​​ថ្ងៃ​សោរិ៍​និង​ថ្ងៃ​អាទិត្យ​ចាប់​ពី​ ម៉ោង ៨ ០០ ដល់​ម៉ោង ៥ ០០ រសៀលនៅ​សាកលវិទ្យាល័យ​ពុទ្ធិសាស្រ្ត។ ប្រិយមិត្ត និងមិត្តៗ​យុវវ័យ​ដែល​មានការ​ចាប់អារម្មណ៍ និង​ចង់​ចែក​រំលែក​ ឬ​មាន​ប្រធាន​បទ​អី​ចង់​យក​ទៅ​បង្ហាញ​ក៏​អាច​ទៅ​ចូលរួម​ផង​ដែរ។

ផ្សាយ​ក្នុង​ផ្នែក​ ព័ត៌មានបច្ចេកវិទ្យា ដោយ dy.bunnara


By following a few simple guidelines, you can maintain your computer, help increase your PC speed, and help keep it running smoothly. This article discusses how to use the tools available in Windows 7, Windows Vista, and Windows XP Service Pack 3 to help make your computer faster, maintain your computer efficiently, and help safeguard your privacy when you’re online.

Note: Some of the tools mentioned in this article require you to be logged on as an administrator. If you aren’t logged on as an administrator, you can only change settings that apply to your user account.

1. Remove spyware, and help protect your computer from viruses

Spyware collects personal information without letting you know and without asking for permission. From the websites you visit to user names and passwords, spyware can put you and your confidential information at risk. In addition to privacy concerns, spyware can hamper your computer’s performance. To combat spyware, you might want to consider using the PC safety scan from Windows Live OneCare. This scan is a free service that helps check for and remove viruses.

Download Microsoft Security Essentials for free to help guard your system in the future from viruses, spyware, adware, and other malicious software (also known as malware). Microsoft Security Essentials acts as a spyware removal tool and includes automatic updates to help keep your system protected from emerging threats.

The Microsoft Windows Malicious Software Removal Tool is another utility that checks computers running Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP, Windows 2000, and Windows Server 2003 for infections by specific, prevalent malicious software, including Blaster, Sasser, and Mydoom, and helps remove any infection found.

2. Free up disk space

The Disk Cleanup tool helps you to free up space on your hard disk to improve the performance of your computer. The tool identifies files that you can safely delete and then enables you to choose whether you want to delete some or all of the identified files.

Use Disk Cleanup to:

  • Remove temporary Internet files.
  • Delete downloaded program files, such as Microsoft ActiveX controls and Java applets.
  • Empty the Recycle Bin.
  • Remove Windows temporary files, such as error reports.
  • Delete optional Windows components that you don’t use.
  • Delete installed programs that you no longer use.
  • Remove unused restore points and shadow copies from System Restore.

Tip: Typically, temporary Internet files take the most amount of space because the browser caches each page you visit for faster access later.

To use Disk Cleanup:

Windows 7 users

  1. Click Start, click All Programs, click Accessories, click System Tools, and then click Disk Cleanup. If several drives are available, you might be prompted to specify which drive you want to clean.
  2. When Disk Cleanup has calculated how much space you can free up, in the Disk Cleanup for dialog box, scroll through the content of the Files to deletelist.Disk Cleanup dialog box
  3. Clear the check boxes for files that you don’t want to delete, and then click OK.
    • For more options, such as cleaning up System Restore and Shadow copy files, under Description, click Clean up system files, and then click the More Options tab.
  4. When prompted to confirm that you want to delete the specified files, click Yes.

After a few minutes, the process completes and the Disk Cleanup dialog box closes, leaving your computer cleaner, performing better, and potentially increasing your PC speed.

Windows Vista users

  1. In the Start menu, click All Programs, click Accessories, click System Tools, and then click Disk Cleanup.
  2. In the Disk Cleanup Options dialog box, choose whether you want to clean up your own files only or all of the files on the computer.
  3. If the Disk Cleanup: Drive Selection dialog box appears, select the hard disk drive that you want to clean up, and then click OK.
  4. Click the Disk Cleanup tab, and then select the check boxes for the files you want to delete.
  5. When you finish selecting the files you want to delete, click OK, and then, to confirm the operation, click Delete files. Disk Cleanup then removes all unnecessary files from your computer. This may take a few minutes.

The More Options tab is available when you choose to clean files from all users on the computer.

Windows XP users

  1. Click Start, point to All Programs, point to Accessories, point to System Tools, and then click Disk Cleanup. If several drives are available, you might be prompted to specify which drive you want to clean.Disk Cleanup dialog box
  2. In the Disk Cleanup for dialog box, scroll through the content of the Files to deletelist.Disk Cleanup dialog box
  3. Clear the check boxes for files that you don’t want to delete, and then click OK.
  4. When prompted to confirm that you want to delete the specified files, click Yes.

After a few minutes, the process completes and the Disk Cleanup dialog box closes, leaving your computer cleaner and potentially performing better.

3. Speed up access to data

Disk fragmentation slows the overall performance of your system. When files are fragmented, the computer must search the hard disk as a file is opened (to piece it back together). The response time can be significantly longer.

Disk Defragmenter (sometimes shortened to Defrag by users) is a Windows utility that consolidates fragmented files and folders on your computer’s hard disk so that each occupies a single space on the disk. With your files stored neatly end to end, without fragmentation, reading and writing to the disk speeds up.

When to run Disk Defragmenter
In addition to running Disk Defragmenter at regular intervals (weekly is optimal), there are other times you should run it, too, such as when:

  • You add a large number of files.
  • Your free disk space totals 15 percent or less.
  • You install new programs or a new version of the Windows operating system.

To use Disk Defragmenter:

Windows 7 users

  1. Click Start, click All Programs, click Accessories, click System Tools, and then click Disk Defragmenter.Disk Defragmenter dialog box, with the Configure schedule button selected
  2. In the Disk Defragmenter dialog box, click the drives that you want to defragment, and then click the Analyze diskbutton. After the disk is analyzed, a dialog box appears, letting you know whether you should defragment the analyzed drives.Tip: You should analyze a volume before defragmenting it to get an estimate of how long the defragmentation process will take.
  3. To defragment the selected drive or drives, click the Defragment disk button. In the Current status area, under the Progress column, you can monitor the process as it happens. After the defragmentation is complete, Disk Defragmenter displays the results.
  4. To display detailed information about the defragmented disk or partition, click View Report.
  5. To close the View Report dialog box, click Close.
  6. You can also schedule the Disk Defragmenter to run automatically. (Your computer might even be set up this way by default.) Under Schedule, it reads Scheduled defragmentation is turned on and then displays the time of day and frequency of defragmentation. If you want to turn off automatic defragmentation or to change the time or frequency, click Configure schedule (or Turn on Schedule, if it is not currently configured to run automatically). Change the settings, and then click OK.
  7. To close the Disk Defragmenter utility, on the title bar of the window, click the Close button.

Windows Vista users

  1. Open Disk Defragmenter: Click the Start button, click All Programs, click Accessories, click System Tools, and then click Disk Defragmenter. If you are prompted for an administrator password or confirmation, type the password or provide confirmation.
  2. In the Disk Defragmenter dialog box, click the drives that you want to defragment and then click the Analyze diskbutton. After the disk is analyzed, a dialog box appears letting you know whether you should defragment the analyzed drives.Tip: You should analyze a volume before defragmenting it to get an estimate of how long the defragmentation process will take.
  3. To defragment the selected drive or drives, click the Defragment disk button. In the Current status area, under the Progress column, you can monitor the process as it happens. After the defragmentation is complete, Disk Defragmenter displays the results.
  4. To display detailed information about the defragmented disk or partition, click View Report.
  5. To close the View Report dialog box, click Close.
  6. You can also schedule the Disk Defragmenter to run automatically. (Your computer might be set up this way by default.) Click Modify schedule….
  7. In the Disk Defragmenter: Modify Schedule dialog box, choose how often, which day, and at what time of day you want defragmentation to occur, and then click OK.
  8. Click OK again.

Windows XP users

  1. Click Start, point to All Programs, point to Accessories, point to System Tools, and then click Disk Defragmenter.Disk Defragmenter dialog box, showing possible disks to defragment
  2. In the Disk Defragmenter dialog box, click the drives that you want to defragment and then click the Analyzebutton. After the disk is analyzed, a dialog box appears, letting you know whether you should defragment the analyzed drives.Tip: You should analyze a volume before defragmenting it to get an estimate of how long the defragmentation process will take.
  3. To defragment the selected drive or drives, click the Defragment button. Note:In Windows Vista, there is no graphical user interface to demonstrate the progress—but your hard drive is still being defragmented.After the defragmentation is complete, Disk Defragmenter displays the results.
  4. To display detailed information about the defragmented disk or partition, click View Report.
  5. To close the View Report dialog box, click Close.
  6. To close the Disk Defragmenter utility, on the title bar of the window, click the Close button.

Running Disk Cleanup and Disk Defragmenter on a regular basis is a proven way to help keep your computer running quickly and efficiently. If you’d like to learn how to schedule these tools and others to run automatically, please read Speed up your PC: Automate your computer maintenance schedule.

4. Detect and repair disk errors

In addition to running Disk Cleanup and Disk Defragmenter to optimize the performance of your computer, you can check the integrity of the files stored on your hard disk by running the Error Checking utility.

As you use your hard drive, it can develop bad sectors. Bad sectors slow down hard disk performance and sometimes make data writing (such as file saving) difficult or even impossible. The Error Checking utility scans the hard drive for bad sectors and scans for file system errors to see whether certain files or folders are misplaced.

If you use your computer daily, you should run this utility once a week to help prevent data loss.

Run the Error Checking utility:

  1. Close all open files.
  2. Click Start, and then click Computer.
  3. In the Computer window (My Computer in Windows XP), right-click the hard disk you want to search for bad sectors, and then click Properties.
  4. In the Properties dialog box, click the Tools tab.
  5. Click the Check Now button.
  6. In the Check Disk dialog box (called Error-checking in Windows 7), select the Scan for and attempt recovery of bad sectors check box, and then click Start.Check Disk Local Disk dialog box, with the Scan for and attempt recovery of bad sectors check box selected
  7. If bad sectors are found, choose to fix them.

Tip: Only select the “Automatically fix file system errors” check box if you think that your disk contains bad sectors.

5. Learn about ReadyBoost

If you’re using Windows 7 or Windows Vista, you can use ReadyBoost to speed up your system. A new concept in adding memory to a system, it allows you to use non-volatile flash memory—like a USB flash drive or a memory card—to improve performance without having to add additional memory.

6.  Upgrade  to  Windows 7

If you try all the previous remedies and your computer still isn’t as fast as you would like it to be, you may want to consider updating to Windows 7.

If the Windows 7 Upgrade Advisor determines that your computer can’t run Windows 7 and you still have the need for speed, it might be time for a new computer. There are some great deals on new computers right now:

Source: Microsoft at Work


Ever wonder how to make your Internet connection faster or how to increase browsing speed? If you are trying to get things done, there is nothing like a slow connection to thwart your best efforts. But there are things you can do to browse faster—even when your Internet connection is working slowly.

This article will show you how to increase your productivity when your connection is slow. Many of these steps are also good tips for how to increase the speed of browsing and of sending and receiving email.

1. Send multiple files faster by compressing them

If you’re sending multiple files—for example, several files related to a single project—you can reduce their combined size by using a compression utility. Compressing your files can dramatically reduce the time needed to send files online, and compressed files don’t take up as much space in your (or the recipient’s) email Inbox. WinZip is one of the more common compression tools.

Compress files

2. Increase browsing speed by turning off graphics in Windows Internet Explorer

Graphics are important to web pages, but they also take time to download if you’re online. You can turn them off to speed your Internet browsing.

Disable graphics in Internet Explorer

1.   On the Tools menu, click Internet Options.

2.   In the Internet Options dialog box, click the Advanced tab.

3.   In the Settings box, scroll down to the Multimedia section. Clear the
following check boxes.

  •  Play animations in web pages
  •  Play sounds in web pages
  •  Play videos in web pages Note: This option is available in Internet Explorer versions before
    Internet Explorer 8.
  •  Show pictures

4.   Click Apply.

Internet Options dialog box, Advanced tab, with Settings check boxes selectedTo turn graphics on again, on the Tools menu, in the Internet Options dialog box, on the Advanced tab, under Multimedia, select the same check boxes, and then click Apply.

3. Send email using Contact Groups (Distribution Lists)

If you’re sending an email to multiple people, create a Contact Group (previously known as a Distribution List) instead of listing each recipient separately. Messages are sent more quickly and efficiently when you’re using a Contact Group. Your company may have established procedures for creating mailing lists. If not, learn how to create and edit a Contact Group in Microsoft Outlook.

4. Reduce email size with simple email signatures

Email signatures leave a professional stamp on your messages, but elaborate signatures that include multiple images take up a lot of unnecessary storage space in each email. Ultimately, they can slow down the time needed to send each message. Instead, create distinctive text signatures combining fonts, type sizes, and colors to make your email signature smaller and quicker to transmit and receive. Learn how to create email signatures in Microsoft Outlook.

5. Work offline using Cached Exchange Mode in Outlook

Even if you lose your network connection, you can continue working in Microsoft Outlook if you’re using Cached Exchange Mode. With Cached Exchange Mode, a copy of your mailbox is stored on your computer. This copy provides quick access to your data and is frequently updated with the mail server. If you work offline, whether by choice or due to a connection problem, your data is still available to you instantly wherever you are. Cached Exchange Mode does require you to work with a Microsoft Exchange Server email account. Learn more about using Cached Exchange Mode.

6. Browse offline by saving web pages on your computer

If you use or reference a specific webpage often, save it locally to your computer. If you lose your connection or are working on a slow connection, you’ll still be able to read and find the information you need.

Save a web page on your computer

  1. In Internet Explorer, go to the web page you want to save.
  2. On the Page menu, click Save As.
  3. In the Save As type drop-down menu, select web page, complete.
  4. Select the location where you want to save the webpage.
  5. Click Save.

7. Open webpages faster by increasing your cache

If you increase the size of the temporary Internet files cache in Internet Explorer, your computer won’t have to work so hard when you revisit webpages. Many of the images will already be downloaded on your computer, decreasing the amount of time it takes to open a page.

Increase the Temporary Internet Files cache in Internet Explorer

  1. On the Tools menu, click Internet Options.
  2. On the General tab, in the Browsing history section, click Settings.
  3. In the Temporary Internet Files dialog box, under Check for newer versions of stored pages:, click the Automatically button. Then, set the Amount of disk space to use: to at least 250 megabytes (MB).
  4. Click OK.Temporary Internet Files and History Settings dialog box

Source: Microsoft at Work

If you’re like most people, you’re always looking for ways to save time, even when using Microsoft Office software. Keyboard shortcuts could be your new best friend when it comes to time management.




Not everyone uses shortcut keys to save time, but some people find them easier to use than a mouse, especially when spending long stretches of time at the computer.

Ready-made Microsoft Office tools

If the thought of memorizing key combinations makes you wince, you can still save time and effort while working in all Office programs by using these built-in tools.

  • Shortcut menus. Right-click in any Microsoft Office program to display a shortcut menu that gives you quick access to many of the most commonly used features. If an arrow appears next to your selection, you can click to see more options. For example, right-clicking a Word document displays Paste OptionsLook Up,Synonyms, formatting, and other options.

No matter which Microsoft Office program you’re working in, right-clicking is one of the greatest shortcuts available.

  • KeyTips. Introduced in Microsoft Office 2007, KeyTips are built-in keyboard shortcuts available in all programs that have the Ribbon or the Ribbon and Quick Access Toolbar. In Office 2010, KeyTips are also available in the Backstage view. Press Alt to display a letter or number by each Ribbon tab or Quick Access Toolbar command. After you press a letter or number, you get new KeyTips letters and numbers to access each command in the location you selected.

Pressing Alt displays KeyTips that you can press to quickly access any command.

  • Quick Access Toolbar. Add the commands you use all the time to your Quick Access Toolbar in all Office programs that have the Ribbon. Just right-click almost any Ribbon command, and then click Add to Quick Access Toolbar. This is also a great way to create custom keyboard shortcuts for your favorite commands across all Office programs, since the KeyTips for your Quick Access Toolbar items remain the same as long as the command remains in the same position in the Quick Access Toolbar.
  • Custom keyboard shortcuts on the Office Ribbon. You can even change shortcut key combinations or create new ones of your own. Here’s how to do it in the latest versions of Microsoft Office.

In Microsoft Office 2010:

In Microsoft Office 2007:

Whether you want to work more easily and efficiently in Internet Explorer, streamline your Microsoft Office Home and Student 2010 experience, or key international characters into your email messages to Europe, you’ll find lots of shortcuts to help you. Here is a sampling of commonly used standard-keyboard shortcuts, many of which work across all Office programs—from Outlook toAccess and from Visio to PowerPoint. You can find a more complete list of built-inkeyboard shortcuts for a particular application by searching keyboard shortcutsin Help.

General keyboard shortcuts

To… Use this shortcut
Open Help Press F1.
Select all content in a document, window, or text box Press Ctrl+A.
Search for a file or folder Press F3. In Windows 7, you can also press the Windows logo key to open theStart menu and then type in the Searchbox.
Rename a file or folder Select the file or folder, press F2, and then retype the name.
Find out when the file or folder was created, by whom, and how big it is Select the file, and then press Alt+Enter.
Display the Start menu Press Ctrl+Esc. In Windows 7, you can also press the Windows logo key.
Scroll between open windows Press Alt+Tab, and then hold down Alt while pressing Tab to reach the desired file or program.
Undo an action Press Ctrl+Z.
Redo an action Press Ctrl+Y.
Check the spelling of titles or words in any Office application with the Spelling & Grammar checker Press F7.
Create a shortcut on your desktop to your favorite file or folder In Windows 7: Right-click the file or folder. On the shortcut menu, clickSend to, and then click Desktop (Create shortcut).

In Windows Vista: Right-click the file or folder. On the shortcut menu, clickCreate Shortcut. Drag the new shortcut to your desktop.

Capture a screen shot Press Alt+Print Screen, and then press Ctrl+C to copy and Ctrl+V to paste.
Lock the computer, switch users, log off the computer, change a password, start Task Manager In Windows 7, press Ctrl+Alt+Delete.
Lock the computer Press the Windows logo key+L.
Quit program Press Alt+F4.

Working with Microsoft Word

To… Use this shortcut
Select text Press Shift+Right Arrow, Left Arrow, Up Arrow, or Down Arrow to highlight text. To select one word at a time, press Shift+Ctrl+Arrow. To select to the end of the line, press Shift+End.
Copy selected text Press Ctrl+C.
Cut selected text Press Ctrl+X.
Paste selected text Press Ctrl+V.
Bold text Press Ctrl+B.
Search for text in a document Press Ctrl+F.
Find and replace text in a document Press Ctrl+H.
Got to a page, line, or bookmark in a document Press Ctrl+G.
Italicize text Press Ctrl+I.
Underline text Press Ctrl+U.
Subscript text Press Ctrl+equal sign (=).
Superscript text Press Ctrl+plus sign (+).
Center text Press Ctrl+E.
Align text left Press Ctrl+L.
Align text right Press Ctrl+R.
Justify text Press Ctrl+J.
Decrease the font size Press Ctrl+Shift+less than sign (<). If your mouse has a scroll wheel, you can also press Ctrl and scroll down.
Increase the font size Press Ctrl+Shift+greater than sign (>). If your mouse has a scroll wheel, you can also press Ctrl and scroll up.
Change the font Press CTRL+SHIFT+F, and then use the arrow keys to reach the new font.
Change font size Press Ctrl+Shift+P, and then use the arrow keys to reach the new font size. If your mouse has a scroll wheel, you can also press Ctrl and scroll up or down.
Create a page break Press Ctrl+Enter.
Create a new document Press Ctrl+N.
Open the My Documents window Press Ctrl+O.
Close a document Press Ctrl+W.
Save a document Press Ctrl+S.
Print a document Press CTRL+P.
Preview what you’re about to print Press ALT+Ctrl+I. In Windows 7, this keyboard shortcut opens the integrated Print and Preview window, which you can also access by pressing Ctrl+P.
Resize a shape (Office 2010) Select the shape, and then press Shift+Arrow.
Rotate a shape (Office 2010) Select the shape, and then hold the Alt key while you press the Left Arrow key or the Right Arrow key.

Accelerating Microsoft Excel

To… Use this shortcut
Open a new workbook Press Ctrl+N.
Move left to right, cell by cell Press Tab, or press the Right Arrow key.
Move right to left, cell by cell Press Shift+Tab, or press the Left Arrow key.
Move down, cell by cell Press Enter, or press the Down Arrow key.
Move up, cell by cell Press Shift+Enter, or press the Up Arrow key.
Move down or up to the last empty or non-empty cell Press Ctrl+Shift+Down Arrow or Up Arrow.
Move to the last empty or non-empty cell to the right or left Press Ctrl+Shift+Right Arrow or Left Arrow.
Erase data in the current cell Press Backspace.
Insert a return within a cell Press Alt+Enter.
Return to the beginning of the row Press HOME.
Advance to the next worksheet Ctrl+Page Down
Go to the previous worksheet Ctrl+Page Up
Enter the date Press Ctrl+Semicolon (;).
Enter the time Press Ctrl+Shift+Colon (:).
Find out about the style within the cell Press Alt+Apostrophe (‘).
Display the Format Cells dialog box Press Ctrl+1.
Apply the general number format Press Ctrl+Shift+Tilde (~).
Apply the currency number format Press Ctrl+Shift+Dollar Sign ($).
Apply the percentage number format Press Ctrl+Shift+Percent (%).
Apply a border Press Ctrl+Shift+Ampersand (&).
Remove a border Press Ctrl+Shift+ underscore (_).
Hide the selected columns Press Ctrl+0 (zero).
Hide the selected rows Press Ctrl+9.
Unhide hidden rows within a selection Press Ctrl+Shift+opening parenthesis.

Find more Excel keyboard shortcuts at the MSDN blog.

Expediting Internet Explorer

To… Use this shortcut
Add sites to your Favorites
  1. Go to the site.
  2. Press Ctrl+D to add to your Favorites.
  3. Click Favorites, and then, to create a separate folder for the site or to add it to an already-formed list, click Add to Favorites.
Select a home page
  1. Go to the webpage that you would like to make your home page.
  2. Open the Tools menu, and selectInternet Options.
  3. Under Home page, on theGeneral tab, click Use Current.
Use the History function if you visit a few select sites constantly
  1. Press Ctrl+H to open the History pane.
  2. Select the site that you would like, right-click the site, and then selectAdd to Favorites.
Customize your toolbar to the tools you use most frequently
  1. Right-click the command bar.
  2. Point to Customize.
  3. Click Add or Remove Commands.
Go to your home page Press Alt+Home.
Switch between tabs Press Ctrl+Tab.
Move forward through the items on a webpage or the Address bar Press Tab.
Move back through the items on a webpage or the Address bar Press Shift+Tab.
Find on this page Press Ctrl+F.
Stop downloading a page Press Esc.
Use zoom on a webpage Increase zoom (+ 10%): Press Ctrl+plus sign (+).

Decrease zoom (- 10%): Press Ctrl+minus sign (-).

Increase to 100%: Press Ctrl+0.

Find more Internet Explorer 8 keyboard shortcuts.

For Outlook keyboard shortcuts, read the Outlook team blog.

Shortcuts aren’t limited to Word, Excel, and Internet Explorer, of course. Ample time savers are built into many popular Microsoft programs, including AccessVisio, andPowerPoint. For Outlook keyboard shortcuts, read the Outlook team blog.

Another convenient way to save time is to add and Microsoft Answers to your Favorites in Internet Explorer, so you’ll always have ready help nearby.

The more you use these tools and make Microsoft work for you, the more time you can save. Have fun exploring the options available to you!

Source: Microsoft at Work

Ever wonder how to create a good PowerPoint presentation? Creating professional, unique PowerPoint presentations with the latest version of Microsoft Office is much easier than you think. This article will help you find the tools to create exactly the presentation you want.

Read on for PowerPoint presentation tips, to learn about PowerPoint templates and PowerPoint backgrounds, and get advice about outlines, communication skills, and how to maximize your Microsoft software. You’ll also find time-saving tips, not to mention three key guidelines for creating effective presentations:

  • Grab viewers’ attention
  • Clearly communicate your information
  • Stay in control of your presentation

Looking for tips for an earlier version of PowerPoint? Learn strategies for making a PowerPoint presentation with PowerPoint 2003, or Learn all about PowerPoint 2007.

Grab viewers’ attention

Creating slides that grab viewers’ attention is not about fitting as much as you can on the screen. It’s about using the space on your slides effectively. Don’t crowd your slides, and only include elements that contribute to the points you want to make. When you use graphics on a slide, choose images that serve a purpose (such as a chart or diagram that displays a direct benefit of your idea). Compare the slides that follow, for example.

Images of two slides showing graphic used to replace textTwo versions of the same content: The simple graphic replaces much of the text and makes a much stronger point.

Here are a few ways to help grab and keep your viewers’ attention.

1. Select or create your own theme.

Themes are the evolution of design templates in PowerPoint, but they’re also much more than that. Themes were introduced in Microsoft Office 2007 to help you easily create the right look for your presentations and to coordinate all of your Microsoft Office documents almost instantly.

A theme is a coordinated set of fonts, colors, and graphic effects that you can apply to your entire document with just a click. The same themes are available for your Microsoft PowerPoint presentations, Microsoft Word documents, Microsoft Excel workbooks, and even your Microsoft Outlook email messages (and, in Office 2010, your Microsoft Access database forms and reports), so it’s easy to create your own personal or business branding throughout all of your documents.

In PowerPoint, the theme also includes the slide master, slide layouts (and slide background options).

Image of slides with the same content shown in five different themesFive versions of the same slide: It took just one click to apply a theme that changed the fonts, colors, graphic effects, and design for each slide shown here. Clockwise from the top are the Office (default), Adjacency, Couture, Newsprint, and Slipstream themes.

When you apply a theme in your presentation, you automatically get slide layouts, colors, fonts, and graphic effects that go together, and you can format content with just a few clicks.

  • In the PowerPoint Ribbon (at the top of your screen), find many built-in themes on the Design tab. To preview a theme, in the Themes gallery, simply hover your pointer over it. In Office 2010, you also see a selection of themes in this gallery that are automatically updated periodically from
  • Using the galleries on the Design tab, you can also mix and match a slide design with different theme colors, fonts, and effects to quickly create your own look.
    Image of the PowerPoint Design tabPowerPoint includes a large selection of themes.

    You can even easily create a completely custom theme.

Note: If you change the theme in your presentation but the formatting doesn’t change, you may not have used theme-ready formatting when you created your presentation. When you start with a new PowerPoint 2010 or PowerPoint 2007 presentation, theme-ready formatting is automatic for fonts and colors on slide layouts and for Microsoft Office graphics, such as SmartArt graphics, charts, and shapes.

Learn how to customize and save a theme. (Note that the link provided is for Office 2010 but also applies to Office 2007.) Create a design template in PowerPoint 2003.

2. Use video and audio to convey your message more effectively.

Dynamic content, such as a brief video that illustrates an important point, is a great way to engage your audience. Using audio that helps convey your message, like recorded narration (you can add this to slides when sending your presentation to others to view), can also help keep your slides clean and approachable.

In PowerPoint 2010, video you insert from your files is now embedded by default, so you don’t have to include multiple files when sharing your presentation electronically. You can also customize your embedded videos with easy-to-use tools, such as video trim, fades, and effects. And with PowerPoint 2010, you can insert a video that you’ve uploaded to a website to play directly in your presentation.

Explore PowerPoint 2010PowerPoint 2007, or PowerPoint 2003 by topic. See what’s new in PowerPoint 2010, or watch a video on how to add artistic effectscrop shapes and images, or broadcast your PowerPoint 2010 presentation live on the web.

3. Use graphics to emphasize key points

A well-chosen chart or diagram can often convey much more to your audience than can boring bulleted text. Fortunately, creating charts and graphics has never been easier. In Office 2010 and Office 2007, Office graphics coordinate automatically with the active theme in your presentation.

  • If Excel is installed on your computer, you automatically get the power of Excel charts when you create a chart in PowerPoint. Just click the Chart icon on any content placeholder in the PowerPoint presentation to create a chart.

    Image of Excel chart iconWhen your chart is created, an Excel worksheet opens, and you can add and edit your data. And when you select the chart in your document, you see the Chart Tools DesignLayout, and Format tabs that make it easy to format and edit your chart. Find chart styles on the Design tab that automatically coordinate with your active document theme. Learn more about working with charts:

    SmartArt graphics, introduced in Office 2007, enable you to create a professional-quality diagram as easily as you can type a bulleted list. Just type in the SmartArt text pane, and the diagram is automatically built. SmartArt layouts are available for many types of diagrams, ranging from simple lists to process diagrams, organization charts, timelines, and much more.

    Click the SmartArt icon on any content placeholder to add a SmartArt graphic.

    Image of SmartArt icon

    Image of SmartArt graphic with text paneWhen you type in the text pane, SmartArt adds your text to the graphic. Press Enter to add a new shape or content at the same level, and then press the Tab key to create a subshape or subcontent, as shown here.

    When you select a SmartArt diagram, the SmartArt Tools tabs become available on the Ribbon. On the SmartArt Tools Design tab, you can use galleries to select a style that coordinates with the effects of your theme and you can choose from several color options that also coordinate with your theme. You can even select a different SmartArt layout to apply to your active diagram. The layout is updated, but your content and formatting remain. And you can point to options in any of those galleries to see a preview of your selection on your active graphic—before you apply it.


    • To convert a bulleted list to a SmartArt graphic, right-click in the list, point toConvert to SmartArt, and then point to a layout to see a preview of the diagram on your active slide or click to apply the layout of your choice.
    • In Office 2010, dozens of additional SmartArt graphics are available, including more organization chart and picture layouts, along with improved tools for working with picture diagrams.

4. Use animations and transitions wisely.

Having text and graphics appear on screen just when you need them can be a nice touch. However, overdoing animation can detract from your presentation’s content.

  • To emphasize your points without overwhelming your audience, limit animation to key points and use consistent animation choices throughout the presentation.

    Customize, preview, and apply animations directly from the Animations tab in PowerPoint 2010. In PowerPoint 2007, go to the Animations tab and find theCustom Animation pane.

    Note: Animation effects in PowerPoint 2010 are improved to provide more realistic movement. You can also trigger animation of an object when you reach a specific point in audio or video playback. Watch a video on how to trigger animations in PowerPoint 2010 and one on how to organize a slide deck into sections.

  • Consistent or complementary choices in slide transitions can also provide a professional touch and help prevent distractions.

    Customize, preview, and apply transitions from the Transitions tab in PowerPoint 2010 or the Animations tab in PowerPoint 2007.

Image of slides showing PowerPoint 2010 transitionsPowerPoint 2010 adds several new three-dimensional slide transitions with stunning visual effects, such as the gallery transition (shown here).

Learn about working with animations and transitions:

Clearly communicate your information

Presentation can make a world of difference, and PowerPoint provides a host of tools for keeping your slides consistent, precise, professional, and clear. You might be surprised how using the slide master and layout formatting, for instance, can take you from basic to brilliant.

Images of two slides with the same content—one formatted, one notTwo versions of the same content: The version on the right uses the slide master and layout formatting in the presentation theme for a more organized, readable slide.

5. Start by outlining your presentation.

Take the time to outline your presentation before you create your slides. Doing so can save time and help you give a more clear and effective presentation.

You can create your outline by typing a slide title and bullet points for your main topics on each slide. But you can also use the Outline pane to type your entire presentation outline in one window and add slides to your presentation as you go. To do this:

  1. In Normal view, on the left of your PowerPoint screen, in the Slides pane, click the Outline tab. (If you don’t see the Slides pane, on the View tab, clickNormal.)
  2. Notice that a slide number and icon appear for your first slide. Type a title to the right of the icon, and then press Enter to create your next slide.
  3. Press the Tab key to demote the text level and add points to the current slide in your outline. Or press Shift+Tab to promote the text level and add an additional slide.
Image of PowerPoint 2010 showing slide beside the Outline paneThe Outline pane is available in both PowerPoint 2010 (shown here) and PowerPoint 2007.

Note: PowerPoint 2010 adds a new feature, called slide sections, that enables you to divide your presentations into logical sections for easier organization, such as to assign a set of slides to one author or to easily print just one section of slides. Learn about working with slide sections.

6. Use masters and layouts to save time and help get better results.

The slide master is one of the most important PowerPoint tools for creating easy-to-use, great-looking presentations. The master gives you a central place to add content and formatting that you want to appear on all (or most) of your slides. Formatting and layout changes on the slide master automatically update throughout the slide layouts in your presentation, saving you a tremendous amount of time and effort and helping to keep your slides consistent. For example, place your logo on the slide master, and it will appear on all slides in the presentation.

  • A slide master includes a set of slide layouts for different types of content. Nine slide layouts are available by default in the Home tab, and they are formatted based on the slide master. You can customize any of these layouts individually and even create your own custom slide layouts.
    Image of PowerPoint slide layout galleryThe Layout gallery displays the name of the active theme at the top and provides thumbnails of each available slide layout. When you add custom layouts to your presentation, they also appear in this gallery.

  • If you just need a single slide that doesn’t fit an existing slide layout and won’t need to be reused, you can use the Title Only or Blank slide layout and create your own unique slide. But if you will reuse a layout for multiple slides in the same (or another) presentation, create or customize a slide layout to avoid doing the same work multiple times and to keep your slides looking professional and consistent.

To access the slide master, on the View tab, click Slide Master.

Learn to create or customize the slide master:


  • To hide graphics that you place on the master for just one slide, on the Designtab, in the Background group, click Hide Background Graphics.
  • Masters are also available for formatting notes pages and handouts. Find these options on the View tab.

7. Consider differences between print and on-screen presentations.

Presentations designed to be viewed on screen don’t always work well when you print them. Dark backgrounds that look good on slides, for example, rarely print well. Similarly, footer content that you need in print is likely to be distracting on screen. Fortunately, PowerPoint makes it easy to switch between print and screen presentation options. Here are two features that can help:

  • When you format your presentation using a theme, slide master, and layouts, as described earlier in this article, you can change from a light background to a dark background in just a click, and text on your slides automatically changes color to be visible on the new background. Find the slide background gallery on theDesign tab, in the Background group.
  • To quickly show or hide footer, page number, and date content on all slides at once, on the Insert tab, click Header & Footer. In the Header & Footer dialog box, choose to display them or hide them, and then click Apply to All. ((Note that if you remove the footer, page number, or date placeholder on any slide, the slide will not display this content—even if you turn it on in this dialog box.))

    Image of Header and Footer dialog box

8. Use notes pages and handouts to help deliver the story.

Use the Notes pane that appears below the slide in Normal view to write notes to yourself for your presentation or to create notes that you can print for your viewers instead of crowding your slides with text. You can also format and print handouts that contain up to nine slides per page.

Create and print notes pages:

Create and print handouts:

Stay in control of your presentations

Custom colors, layouts, and graphics can do a lot for your presentation. But a misaligned flowchart or a presentation that crashes on your client’s computer isn’t likely to make the impression you want. For example, look at these two timeline graphic images:

Image of two diagrams with same content but created differentlyTwo versions of the same content: Nudging and fussing to create the graphic on the left took about an hour, and it’s far from perfect. Using PowerPoint tools, it took just a few minutes to create the flawless diagram on the right.

9. Keep file size manageable.

A common cause of stress when you work in PowerPoint is that the file becomes too large to edit or for the presentation to run smoothly. Fortunately, this problem is easy to avoid by compressing the media in your files and using native PowerPoint features whenever possible (such as tables, charts, SmartArt graphics, and shapes) instead of importing and embedding objects from other programs.

Learn about compressing pictures in your presentations:

Note: PowerPoint 2010 also gives you the ability to compress the embedded video and audio files in your presentation. Learn about compressing media.

10. Use the tools available to get it right the first time.

You’ve already seen in this article that you can use features like slide layouts to quickly create consistent slides or use tools such as SmartArt graphics to create a professional-quality graphic in no time. But when you need to do your own thing—and that thing doesn’t belong on a slide layout or fit an available graphic style—PowerPoint still provides tools to save you time and improve your results.

11. Turn off (or manage) AutoCorrect layout options.

PowerPoint provides several automatic formatting options to help your slides conform to the provided layouts. They can be big time-savers, but they can also be frustrating if you’re not using them intentionally and if they cause formatting (such as the font size in slide titles) to become inconsistent from one slide to the next. If you don’t want your text to shrink automatically to fit content, you can easily disable those features in the AutoCorrect Options dialog box.

  1. In PowerPoint 2010, click the File tab to open Backstage view, and then click Options. In PowerPoint 2007, click the Microsoft Office button and then clickPowerPoint Options.
  2. On the Proofing tab, click AutoCorrect Options.
  3. On the AutoFormat As You Type tab, clear the AutoFit title text to placeholder and AutoFit body text to placeholder check boxes.

Turn automatic layout on or off in PowerPoint 2003.

12. Know exactly what your viewers will see.

When you want to be sure that what you send is what viewers will see, you can save the presentation in the PowerPoint slide show format so that the show starts for the recipients as soon as they open the file. But some variables, such as whether media will play correctly on the recipient’s computer, may still affect what viewers see.

PowerPoint 2010 introduces a new feature that makes it easy to share your presentation perfectly with almost anyone, anywhere. You can now create a high-quality video of your presentation, complete with your saved narration and timings, in just a few clicks. PowerPoint creates the video in the background while you keep working. Read how to create a video of your presentation, or watch a video about it.

Source: Microsoft at Work